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Janki Mandir - Janakpurdham

Monday, 03 October 2016 14:23

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The city is centre of the ancient Maithili culture with its own language and script. Janakpurdham also is the birthplace of Sita Devi, a Hindu goddess. She is also called Janaki Mata. She’s the..
The city is centre of the ancient Maithili culture with its own language and script. Janakpurdham also is the birthplace of Sita Devi, a Hindu goddess. She is also called Janaki Mata. She’s the heroine of Ramayana Epic. Janakpurdham is the sacred place of her wedding with Rama, a Hindu god.
King Janak is supposed to have found baby Sita in a furrow of a field, he took the child home and raised it. When she was a young lady the king announced that she should be a wed by whoever is able to string the divine ‘’Bow of Shiva’’. That was no other than Rama, a prince from Ayodhya. Janakpurdham is an important pilgrimage place for Hindus. The centre of Janakpurdham is dominated by the impressive Janaki Mandir to the north and west of the bazaar. This temple was built in 1911 by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwar of Tikamgarh (India). It is also called "Nau Lakha Mandir" as it is said that the cost of construction was 9 lakh at that time, it is one of the biggest temple in Nepal. Another landmark of Janakpurdham is the numerous sacred ponds for ritual baths all over the city. The 2 most important ponds are close to the centre. One is Dhanush Sagar and 2nd is Ganga Sagar. The oldest temple of the city is Ram Mandir, which was built by Amar Singh, a brave & mighty Gorkhali Soldier. The Vivah Mandap is too famous here with well maintained garden surround the main temple called mandap.

The Maithili language is still widely spoken in the Janakpurdham. Maithili women are renowned for their traditional art, most of all their paintings on pottery, walls and court yards. These arts are collectively called Mithila Arts & Mithila Paintings which are quite famous internationally. Typically, Maithili dwellings are made of clay and straw with an inner court yard. There are more than 200 ponds.
The Vivah Panchami festival re-enacts the wedding of Rama and Sita in the famous Vivah Mandap. Over 1,00,000 pilgrims come for this festival. There is a procession with elephants, horses, and decorated chariots with beating drums. It is on the fifth day of the waxing moon in November or early December. Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama, in March-April, is an important festival that draws over 100,000 people. Diwali in Oct. or Nov. is a festive time to visit. Holi and other Hindu festivals too are celebrated in great passion.

There is an annual one-day Parikrama (circumambulation) of the city on the full moon day of February or March before Holi festival. Many people offer prostrated obeisance along the entire 8km route. It is at the same time as the Holi festival.
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