Articles Search

Title

Category

Monday, 03 October 2016 19:54

Title

Category

Ramakrishna Parmahamsa is perhaps the best known saint of nineteenth century India. He was born in a poor Brahmin family in 1836, in a small town near Calcutta, West Bengal. He had many qualities likes..
Ramakrishna Parmahamsa is perhaps the best known saint of nineteenth century India. He was born in a poor Brahmin family in 1836, in a small town near Calcutta, West Bengal. He had many qualities likes artistic, popular storyteller and actor also. Young Ramakrishna was prone (inclined) to experiences of spiritual reverie and temporary loss of consciousness.

In 1866, he became a priest at a recently dedicated temple to the Goddess Kali located near Calcutta on the Ganges River. He meditated in a sacred grove of five trees on the edge of the temple grounds seeking a vision of the goddess Kali. Ramakrishna's behavior became more erratic as time passed and began to worry his family and employer. He would take on ritual and mythical roles identifying with figures from the Puranas (medieval Indian holy books describing the adventures of gods). His parents found him a wife hoping his mental instability was a result of his celibacy. About this time, an elderly holy woman named Bhairavi Brahmani appeared and determined that Ramakrishna's madness was "spiritual madness" rather than ordinary madness.

He was literally mad for the vision of God. She convened a group of respected religious leaders who examined Ramakrishna's symptoms. They concluded that this was a case of divine madness similar in nature From this point on, people began to treat Ramakrishna with more respect though his unusual behavior in worship and meditation continued. Ramakrishna adopted the role of renouncing and learned a no dualist form of Vedanta philosophy from him. In this system, God is understood to be the formless, unmanifest energy that supports the cosmos.

He embarked on a long period of teaching where he gathered a group of disciples around him. This period of his life is well documented by two sets of books written by his disciples. Ramakrishna explained on different occasions that god is both formed and formless and can appear to the devotee either way. He often asked visitors whether they conceived of god as having qualities or as being beyond qualities. He then proceeded to teach the devotee according to the way he or she viewed the divine.

Finally, for those with a strong sense of Hindu nationalism, Ramakrishna's chief disciple, Swami Vivekananda, entered onto the world stage by doing a keynote address at the World Parliament of Religions meeting in Chicago in 1893, and he electrified his audience. Hindus for generations could point to their indigenous traditions with pride after his exemplary speech. Vivekananda also promoted a more activist form of Hinduism, which focused on education, feeding the poor and developing libraries and other institutions. His works were a way of showing Hindus that it was not only the Christian missionaries that could benefit society, but that Hindu religion was also valuable with respect to improving society and combating social ills.

Ramakrishna died of cancer of the throat in 1886, leaving his wife Sarada Devi who was considered a saint in her own right to take charge of his disciples and carry on his message.
Read 28724 times

Ratings & Reviews

Rate this item
(0 votes)

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.

Wallpapers

Here are some exciting "Hindu" religious wallpapers for your computer. We have listed the wallpapers in various categories to suit your interest and faith. All the wallpapers are free to download. Just Right click on any of the pictures, save the image on your computer, and can set it as your desktop background... Enjoy & share.