Samarth Ramdas

Monday, 23 January 2017 06:55 Written by

Rāmdās (1606-1682) was a prominent saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Mahārāshtra, India. Samarth Ramdas was a great devotee of Hindu Gods Hanumān and Rāma . He is credited with shaping the personality of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, and hence ensuring that the Hindu Sanskriti and in Western India was protected from the ravages of the Mughal empire.

Early life

Ramdas swami was born in a Deshastha Rugvedi Brāhman family to Suryāji , Rānu Bāi (राणूबाई) Thosar (ठोसर) in Jāmb (जांब) in Jālna District (जालना जिल्हा) of Maharashtra on Ram Navami, 1530 (रामनवमी, चैत्र शुद्ध ९, १५३०) according to "Shāliwāhan Shak" (शालिवाहन शक) calendar. His given name was Nārāyan (नारायण). He was devotee of God “Ram” and that’s why he was named as Ramdas (At age 24, he was named as Rāmdās.)

Since his childhood, Ramdas had an inclination toward metaphysical contemplation and religiosity. When he was eight, his father died; and at age 12, his mother arranged his marriage to her brother's daughter. However, he wanted to pursue a monasitc life, and so just as the wedding ceremony was proceeding, he ran away before the marriage vows were exchanged. During Hindu marriage ceremony, the last word which seals the marriage is "Saavdhan" meaning, 'be careful', Swami ramdas interpreted that word to mean that he had to be careful and not get entangled in the binds of Maya, Illusion and seek Self realization.

One recorded incident from his childhood is as follows, He was walking in the dark and under a tree bumped into something, after getting a light he saw that it was a local villager who was arbitrarily hanged by the Mughal rulers. This incident fired in him a desire to be Free and in all aspects of the word, freedom from foreign rule and also freedom from Illusion (Maya).

Spiritual Development

For the next twelve years, Ramdas devoted himself to study Hindu religious books, meditation, and prayers in a place named Panchawati (पंचवटी) --near Nāshik (नािशक)-- on the banks of Godāwari (गोदावरी) river.

Writings

Ramdas swami was a gifted composer. He produced considerable lucid and effective literature in verse form in Marathi. Among his works, two compositions particularly stand out: A small book of meditations titled “Manāche Shlok” (मनाचे श्लोक), which consists of 205 memorable four-line verses, and a large volume titled Dāsabodh (दासबोध), which consists of 7,751 called as “owi” (ओव्या). Manāche Shlok is an advice and preaching to the human mind, to behave in an ethical way and devote oneself in the love of god. Dasabodh provides sagacious advice on both spiritual and diverse practical topics. Shri Dasbodh is considered the definitive book on Hindu culture after the Gyaneshwari written by Sant Gyaneshwar. Samartha Ramdas swami also wrote the Maruti Stotra, marathi adulatory poem for Lord Hanuman and several other works.

Other compositions of Shri Samartha Ramdas Swamiji are as below :- 1) AatmaaRaam 2) 11-Laghu Kavita 3) Raamayan (Marathi-Teeka)

Amongst these the 11-Laghu Kavita are very useful to the followers of Spiritual path, but Daasbodh is considered as at the 'First Number'.

Sajjangad

Shivaji and Ramdas swami first met in 1674, Shivaji accepting Ramdas swami then as his spiritual guru. Shivaji made available to Ramdas swami a fort named Parali Fort to establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed as “Sajjangad” (सज्जनगड).Also there are some references that Sant Tukaram is the real Spiritual guru Of Shivaji raje. A spiritually Realized Soul, Swami Ramdas recognized the need to protect the Indian culture and is famously known to have carried a sword in this cane. He was the One who created a passion for freedom in the minds of all the Maratha people and was known to have advised Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in the political and strategic sense also.Ramdas

Rāmdās (Devanagari: रामदास) (1606-1682) was a prominent Marāthi (मराठी) saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Mahārāshtra (महाराष्ट्र), India. Samarth Ramdas was a great devotee of Hindu Gods Hanumān (हनुमान) and Rāma (राम). He is credited with shaping the personality of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, and hence ensuring that the Hindu Sanskriti and in Western India was protected from the ravages of the Mughal empire.

Early life

Ramdas swami was born in a Deshastha Rugvedi Brāhman family to Suryāji (सूर्याजी) and Rānu Bāi (राणूबाई) Thosar (ठोसर) in Jāmb (जांब) in Jālna District (जालना जिल्हा) of Maharashtra on Ram Navami, 1530 (रामनवमी, चैत्र शुद्ध ९, १५३०) according to "Shāliwāhan Shak" (शालिवाहन शक) calendar. His given name was Nārāyan (नारायण). He was devotee of God “Ram” and that’s why he was named as Ramdas (At age 24, he was named as Rāmdās.)

Since his childhood, Ramdas had an inclination toward metaphysical contemplation and religiosity. When he was eight, his father died; and at age 12, his mother arranged his marriage to her brother's daughter. However, he wanted to pursue a monasitc life, and so just as the wedding ceremony was proceeding, he ran away before the marriage vows were exchanged. During Hindu marriage ceremony, the last word which seals the marriage is "Saavdhan" meaning, 'be careful', Swami ramdas interpreted that word to mean that he had to be careful and not get entangled in the binds of Maya, Illusion and seek Self realization.

One recorded incident from his childhood is as follows, He was walking in the dark and under a tree bumped into something, after getting a light he saw that it was a local villager who was arbitrarily hanged by the Mughal rulers. This incident fired in him a desire to be Free and in all aspects of the word, freedom from foreign rule and also freedom from Illusion (Maya).

Spiritual Development

For the next twelve years, Ramdas devoted himself to study Hindu religious books, meditation, and prayers in a place named Panchawati (पंचवटी) --near Nāshik (नािशक)-- on the banks of Godāwari (गोदावरी) river.

Writings

Ramdas swami was a gifted composer. He produced considerable lucid and effective literature in verse form in Marathi. Among his works, two compositions particularly stand out: A small book of meditations titled “Manāche Shlok” (मनाचे श्लोक), which consists of 205 memorable four-line verses, and a large volume titled Dāsabodh (दासबोध), which consists of 7,751 called as “owi” (ओव्या). Manāche Shlok is an advice and preaching to the human mind, to behave in an ethical way and devote oneself in the love of god. Dasabodh provides sagacious advice on both spiritual and diverse practical topics. Shri Dasbodh is considered the definitive book on Hindu culture after the Gyaneshwari written by Sant Gyaneshwar. Samartha Ramdas swami also wrote the Maruti Stotra, marathi adulatory poem for Lord Hanuman and several other works.

Other compositions of Shri Samartha Ramdas Swamiji are as below :- 1) AatmaaRaam 2) 11-Laghu Kavita 3) Raamayan (Marathi-Teeka)

Amongst these the 11-Laghu Kavita are very useful to the followers of Spiritual path, but Daasbodh is considered as at the 'First Number'.

Sajjangad

Shivaji and Ramdas swami first met in 1674, Shivaji accepting Ramdas swami then as his spiritual guru. Shivaji made available to Ramdas swami a fort named Parali Fort to establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed as “Sajjangad” (सज्जनगड).Also there are some references that Sant Tukaram is the real Spiritual guru Of Shivaji raje. A spiritually Realized Soul, Swami Ramdas recognized the need to protect the Indian culture and is famously known to have carried a sword in this cane. He was the One who created a passion for freedom in the minds of all the Maratha people and was known to have advised Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in the political and strategic sense also.

 

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